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J Chromatogr Sci. 2002 Feb;40(2):69-76.

An isocratic liquid chromatographic method with diode-array detection for the simultaneous determination of alpha-tocopherol, retinol, and five carotenoids in human serum.

Author information

1
lnserm U525, Centre de Médecine Préventive, Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy, France.

Abstract

An isocratic high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for the simultaneous determination of alpha-tocopherol, retinol, and five carotenoids (lutein-zeaxanthin, beta-cryptoxanthin, lycopene, and alpha- and beta-carotene) in human serum is described. Serum samples are deproteinized with ethanol and extracted once with n-hexane. Resulting extracts are injected onto a C18 reversed-phase column eluted with methanol-acetonitrile-tetrahydrofuran (75:20:5, v/v/v), and full elution of all the analytes is realized isocratically within 20 min. The detection is operated using three channels of a diode-array spectrophotometer at 290, 325, and 450 nm for tocopherol, retinol, and the carotenoids, respectively. An internal standard is used for each channel, which improves precision. The choice of internal standards is discussed, as well as the extraction protocol and the need for adding an antioxidant during the extraction and chromatographic steps. The analytical recoveries for liposoluble vitamins and carotenoids are more than 85%. Intra-assay relative standard deviation (RSD) values (n = 20) for measured concentrations in serum range from 3.3% (retinol) to 9.5% (lycopene), and interassay RSDs (n = 5) range from 3.8% (alpha-tocopherol) to 13.7% (beta-cryptoxanthin). The present method is used to quantitate the cited vitamins in healthy subjects (n = 168) from ages 9 to 55 years old.

PMID:
11881707
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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