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Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2002 Apr;282(4):C907-16.

Nongastric H-K-ATPase in rodent prostate: lobe-specific expression and apical localization.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, Medical College of Ohio, 3035 Arlington Ave., Toledo, OH 43614, USA.


The molecular basis of active ion transport in secretory glands such as the prostate is not well characterized. Rat nongastric H-K-ATPase is expressed at high levels in distal colon surface cell apical membranes and thus is referred to as "colonic." Here we show that the ATPase is expressed in rodent prostate complex in a lobe-specific manner. RT-PCR and Western blot analyses indicate that rat nongastric H-K-ATPase alpha-subunit (alpha(ng)) mRNA and protein are present in coagulating gland (anterior prostate) and lateral and dorsal prostate and absent from ventral lobe, whereas Na-K-ATPase alpha-subunit is present in all lobes. RT-PCR analysis shows that Na-K-ATPase alpha(4) and alpha(3) and gastric H-K-ATPase alpha-subunit are not present in significant amounts in all prostate lobes. Relatively low levels of Na-K-ATPase alpha(2) were found in lateral, dorsal, and anterior lobes. alpha(ng) protein expression is anteriodorsolateral: highest in coagulating gland, somewhat lower in dorsal lobe, and even lower in lateral lobe. Na-K-ATPase protein abundance has the reverse order: expression in ventral lobe is higher than in coagulating gland. alpha(ng) protein abundance is higher in coagulating gland than distal colon membranes. Immunohistochemistry shows that in rat and mouse coagulating gland epithelium alpha(ng) protein has an apical polarization and Na-K-ATPase alpha(1) is localized in basolateral membranes. The presence of nongastric H-K-ATPase in rodent prostate apical membranes may indicate its involvement in potassium concentration regulation in secretions of these glands.

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