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Circulation. 2002 Mar 5;105(9):1122-7.

Endogenous ligand of alpha(1) sodium pump, marinobufagenin, is a novel mediator of sodium chloride--dependent hypertension.

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Laboratory of Cardiovascular Science, Intramural Research Program, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA.



Digitalis-like sodium pump ligands (SPLs) effect natriuresis via inhibition of renal tubular Na(+),K(+)-ATPase but may induce vasoconstriction. The present study investigated the potential roles of 2 putative endogenous SPLs, an ouabain-like compound (OLC) and an alpha(1) Na(+),K(+)-ATPase inhibitor, marinobufagenin (MBG), in regulating natriuresis and blood pressure (BP) responses to sustained and acute NaCl loading in Dahl salt-sensitive rats (DS).


During 4 weeks of an 8% NaCl diet, DS exhibited a progressive increase in MBG renal excretion (66 +/-13 pmol/24 hours at week 4 versus 11 +/- 1 pmol/24 hours at baseline, n=48), which paralleled an increase in systolic BP (174 +/- 10 mm Hg at week 4 versus 110 +/- 2 mm Hg at baseline). By contrast, OLC excretion peaked at week 1 and returned to baseline levels. Administration of an anti-MBG, but not anti-ouabain antibody, to DS after 3 weeks of a high NaCl diet lowered BP (139 +/- 7 versus 175 +/- 5 mm Hg, P<0.001, n=5). Acute NaCl loading (2 hours) of DS (n=5) increased MBG and OLC excretion and natriuresis. Pretreatment of acutely NaCl-loaded DS with an anti-MBG antibody (n=5) reduced the excretion of sodium and MBG but not that of OLC. An anti-ouabain antibody (n=5) reduced sodium excretion and both OLC and MBG.


An initial transient stimulation of OLC induced by NaCl loading of DS precedes an MBG response. A sustained increase in MBG production in DS contributes to the chronic BP elevation induced by a sustained high NaCl intake.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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