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Br J Cancer. 2002 Mar 4;86(5):788-95.

Inhibition of the alpha-nu integrins with a cyclic RGD peptide impairs angiogenesis, growth and metastasis of solid tumours in vivo.

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  • 1Institute for Surgical Research, Klinikum Grosshadern, Marchioninistrasse 15, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, 81377 Munich, Germany.

Abstract

Anti-angiogenetic cancer therapy is a potential new form for treatment of solid tumours. The alpha(v)-integrins (alpha(v)beta3, alpha(v)beta5) mediate the contact of activated endothelial cells to proteins of the extracellular matrix during tumour angiogenesis as a prerequisite for survival of endothelial cells. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of application of a methylated cyclic RGD-peptide as an alpha(v)-integrin antagonist on angiogenesis, microcirculation, growth and metastasis formation of a solid tumour in vivo. Experiments were performed in the dorsal skinfold preparation of Syrian Golden hamsters bearing the amelanotic hamster melanoma A-Mel-3. Animals were injected intraperitoneally with a methylated cyclic RGD-peptide every 12 h, the control group received an inactive peptide. Microcirculatory parameters of tumour angiogenesis including functional vessel density, red blood cell velocity, vessel diameter and leucocyte-endothelium interaction were analysed using intravital microscopy. In an additional study the effects on growth and metastasis of subcutaneous A-Mel-3 were quantified. Functional vessel density was markedly reduced on day 3 in treated animals compared to controls (37.2 +/- 12.1 vs 105.2 +/- 11.2 cm(-1); mean +/- s.e.m.; P<0.05) and increased subsequently in both groups. Red blood cell velocity at day 3 was below values of controls (0.026 +/- 0.01 vs 0.12 +/- 0.03 mm x s(-1); P<0.05). No differences were observed in vessel diameters and leucocyte-endothelium interaction was almost absent in both groups. Furthermore, growth and metastasis of subcutaneous tumours after administration of the cyclic RGD-peptide was significantly delayed in comparison to controls (P<0.05). Inhibition of alpha(v)-integrins by a cyclic RGD-peptide resulted in significant reduction of functional vessel density, retardation of tumour growth and metastasis in vivo. Taken together, these results implicate RGD-peptides as agents which have anti-tumour and anti-metastatic activity in vivo.

PMID:
11875744
PMCID:
PMC2375318
DOI:
10.1038/sj.bjc.6600141
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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