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AIDS. 2002 Mar 8;16(4):579-88.

A randomized trial assessing the impact of phenotypic resistance testing on antiretroviral therapy.

Author information

1
Community Research Initiative of New England, Boston, MA 02215, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare the effect of treatment decisions guided by phenotypic resistance testing (PRT) or standard of care (SOC) on short-term virological response.

DESIGN:

A prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial conducted in 25 university and private practice centers in the United States.

PARTICIPANTS:

A total of 272 subjects who failed to achieve or maintain virological suppression (HIV-1-RNA plasma level > 2000 copies/ml) with previous exposure to two or more nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors and one protease inhibitor.

INTERVENTIONS:

Randomization was to antiretroviral therapy guided by PRT or SOC.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

The percentage of subjects with HIV-1-RNA plasma levels less than 400 copies/ml at week 16 (primary); change from baseline in HIV-1-RNA plasma levels and number of "active" (less than fourfold resistance) antiretroviral agents used (secondary).

RESULTS:

At week 16, using intent-to-treat (ITT) analysis, a greater proportion of subjects had HIV-1-RNA levels less than 400 copies/ml in the PRT than in the SOC arm (P = 0.036, ITT observed; P = 0.079, ITT missing equals failure). An ITT observed analysis showed that subjects in the PRT arm had a significantly greater median reduction in HIV-1-RNA levels from baseline than the SOC arm (P = 0.005 for 400 copies/ml; P = 0.049 for 50 copies/ml assay detection limit). Significantly more subjects in the PRT arm were treated with two or more "active" antiretroviral agents than in the SOC arm (P = 0.003).

CONCLUSION:

Antiretroviral treatment guided prospectively by PRT led to the increased use of "active" antiretroviral agents and was associated with a significantly better virological response.

PMID:
11873001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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