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Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2002;16(6):555-65.

Improved method for the simultaneous determination of d4T, 3TC and ddl intracellular phosphorylated anabolites in human peripheral-blood mononuclear cells using high-performance liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry.

Author information

CEA, Pharmacology and Immunology Unit, DSV/DRM, CEA/Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette cedex, France.

Erratum in

  • Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2007;21(13):2168.


There is still a need for direct determination (i.e. without dephosphorylation) of nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) triphosphorylated nucleotides in the peripheral-blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of HIV-positive patients. The objective of this paper was first to improve our previously described direct liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) assay for stavudine triphosphate (d4T-TP). Preparation of PBMCs was modified to reduce degradation of d4T-TP during cell preparation and to simplify this step for routine use in clinical units. The performance of several HPLC columns was compared in order to improve the stability of peak shape over time. The SMT C(18) column was replaced by a Supelcogel ODP-50, thereby reducing two-fold the concentration of the first standard. Various internal standards were compared to optimize peak shape and remove an interfering peak in LC. 2-Chloroadenosine 5prime prime or minute-triphosphate was chosen as the most appropriate internal standard. Substitution of the narrowbore column by a microbore column (150 x 0.32 mm) is also presented and discussed. Secondly, this improved method was successfully applied to the simultaneous determination of d4T-TP, dideoxyadenosine triphosphate (ddA-TP) and lamivudine triphosphate (3TC-TP) in PBMCs, which is useful in view of the common use of NRTI combinations. The method was subsequently applied to clinical samples from HIV-positive patients receiving antiretroviral therapy containing d4T, ddl and/or 3TC. This method can be used simply and routinely on approximately 200 samples per week, using commercially available instruments and with a simple cell lysis as sample treatment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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