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Biopharm Drug Dispos. 2001 Dec;22(9):383-90.

Amlodipine bioequivalence study: quantification by liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry.

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Department of Pharmacology, State University of Campinas, UNICAMP, Brazil.



To assess the bioequivalence of two amlodipine tablet formulations (Amlodipine 5 mg tablet from Merck S.A. Indústrias Químicas, Brazil as test formulation and Norvasc 5 mg tablet from Laboratórios Pfizer Ltd., Brazil as reference formulation) in 24 healthy volunteers of both sexes.


The study was conducted using an open, randomized two-period crossover design with a 4-week washout interval. Plasma samples were obtained over a 144 h period. Plasma amlodipine concentrations were analyzed by combined liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS-MS) with positive ion electrospray ionization using multiple reaction monitoring (MRM). From the amlodipine plasma concentration vs time curves, the following pharmacokinetic parameters were obtained: AUC(last), AUC(0-inf) and C(max). The statistical interval proposed was 80-125% according to the US Food and Drug Administration Agency.


The limit of quantification was 0.1 ng/ml for plasma amlodipine analysis. The geometric mean and the 90% confidence interval (CI) test/reference ratios were 101.2 (92.9-110.2%) for AUC(last), 99.6 (91.5-108.4%) for AUC(0-inf) and 98.5 (89.0-109.1%) for C(max).


Since the 90% CI for AUC(last), AUC(0-inf) and C(max) ratios were within in the 80-125% interval proposed by the US FDA, it was concluded that Amlodipine 5 mg tablet (test formulation) was bioequivalent to Norvasc 5 mg tablet, in terms of both rate and extent of absorption.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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