Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Adolesc Health. 2002 Mar;30(3):169-74.

Increased prevalence of herpes simplex virus type 2 among adolescent women with alcohol use disorders.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine and the Center for Research on Health Care, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA. cookrl@msx.upmc.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine the relationship between alcohol use disorders (AUDs) and herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections among a sample of sexually active adolescents.

METHODS:

Subjects were 240 sexually active male and female adolescents aged 14 to 21 years (mean 17.5 years) recruited from clinical and community settings in western Pennsylvania between 1991 and 1995; 55% had a lifetime history of AUDs (63 females, 69 males) and 45% did not have a lifetime history of AUDs (57 females, 51 males). Participants provided information about demographic factors and sexual behaviors as well as a serum sample that was assayed for antibodies to HSV-2, HBV, and HIV infections. Multivariate logistic regression was used to determine the independent relationship of AUDs to HSV-2 infections among females.

RESULTS:

The seroprevalence of HSV-2 infections was 15% among females and 0% among males; the overall prevalence of HBV (1.2%) and HIV (0.4%) infections was very low. Among adolescent females, the seroprevalence of HSV-2 infections was significantly higher among those with an AUD (19%), compared with those without an AUD (10.5%) (adjusted odds ratio 8.1, 95% confidence interval 1.5-44.8, p =.017).

CONCLUSIONS:

Adolescent women with an AUD appear to be at substantially increased risk of HSV-2 infection. These results highlight the need to address sexually transmitted diseases among adolescents with alcohol problems.

PMID:
11869923
DOI:
10.1016/s1054-139x(01)00339-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center