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Clin Microbiol Infect. 1998 May;4(5):248-254.

Molecular epidemiology of quinolone resistance in Acinetobacter spp.

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Department of Microbiology and PHLS Laboratory, University Hospital, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, UK.



To determine whether similar mutations to quinolone resistance in the gyrA subunit of DNA gyrase and the parC subunit of topoisomerase IV are occurring independently in genotypically unrelated clinical isolates of Acinetobacter spp., or whether worldwide clonal spread of particular resistant strains is occurring.


The genotypic relationships of 25 nosocomial isolates of Acinetobacter spp. from 15 locations in 11 different countries worldwide were examined by randomly amplified polymorphic DNA analysis. Quinolone resistance-determining regions of gyrA and parC were amplified by PCR and mutations were analyzed by restriction digestion with Hinfl and DNA sequencing.


Twenty-four of the 25 Acinetobacter isolates were genotypically heterogeneous and 12 were resistant to both nalidixic acid and ciprofloxacin. Analysis of conserved gyrA and parC regions showed that all isolates with a ciprofloxacin MIC of 4 mg/L had a substitution of Ser83 with either Leu or Phe in the GyrA protein. Five of six isolates with ciprofloxacin MICs of 64 mg/L had additional substitutions of Ser80 with Leu in the ParC protein.


Similar mutations to quinolone resistance, predominantly at codons 82--83 of gyrA, are occurring independently in genotypically distinct isolates of Acinetobacter spp. from different worldwide locations. Most isolates with high ciprofloxacin MICs also exhibited secondary mutations in parC at codons 79--80.

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