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Blood. 2002 Mar 1;99(5):1857-9.

Retrovirally mediated correction of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells from patients with mucopolysaccharidosis type I.

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Department of Haematology, Royal Manchester Children's Hospital, United Kingdom.


We have investigated the utility of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) as targets for gene therapy of the autosomal recessive disorder mucopolysaccharidosis type IH (MPS-IH, Hurler syndrome). Cultures of MSCs were initially exposed to a green fluorescent protein-expressing retrovirus. Green fluorescent protein-positive cells maintained their proliferative and differentiation capacity. Next we used a vector encoding alpha-L-iduronidase (IDUA), the enzyme that is defective in MPS-IH. Following transduction, MPS-IH MSCs expressed high levels of IDUA and secreted supernormal levels of this enzyme into the extracellular medium. Exogenous IDUA expression led to a normalization of glycosaminoglycan storage in MPS-IH cells, as evidenced by a dramatic decrease in the amount of (35)SO(4) sequestered within the heparan sulfate and dermatan sulfate compartments of these cells. Finally, gene-modified MSCs were able to cross-correct the enzyme defect in untransduced MPS-IH fibroblasts via protein transfer.

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