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Blood. 2002 Mar 1;99(5):1646-50.

Thrombin induces increased expression and secretion of angiopoietin-2 from human umbilical vein endothelial cells.

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1
Department of Medicine and Kaplan Cancer Center, New York University Medical School, New York, NY 10016, USA. huangy02@med.nyu.edu

Abstract

Angiogenesis is required for tumor growth and metastasis. It has recently been suggested that thrombin is a potent promoter of angiogenesis. We therefore examined the possibility that thrombin could be inducing the expression of angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2), necessary for remodeling. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells were incubated with or without thrombin (1 U/mL) for 1 to 24 hours and then examined for messenger RNA (mRNA) by Northern analysis. Enhanced mRNA expression (about 4-fold over baseline) was noted at 4 hours. Enhanced expression of Ang-2 mRNA was secondary to enhanced transcription (about 4-fold), with no effect on stabilization. Enhanced Ang-2 mRNA transcription was inhibited by H7 and PD98059, indicating the requirement of serine/threonine kinases as well as the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway. Up-regulation of mRNA was associated with enhanced Ang-2 protein synthesis and secretion as assayed by immunoblot. Thrombin-induced secreted Ang-2 inhibited the binding of recombinant (35)S-Ang-1 to its Tie-2-Fc receptor, demonstrating functionality. Hirudin reversed this effect, demonstrating thrombin specificity. Thus, thrombin-induced tumorigenesis and metastasis is associated with enhanced Ang-2 protein synthesis and secretion via enhanced transcription of Ang-2. This could help explain how thrombin promotes angiogenesis.

PMID:
11861279
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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