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Planta Med. 2002 Feb;68(2):171-3.

Phototoxic and apoptosis-inducing capacity of pseudohypericin.

Abstract

Pseudohypericin (PH) and hypericin (H) are photosensitizing plant pigments from Hypericum perforatum. H displays cytotoxic and apoptosis-inducing effects in neoplastic cell lines. Here, we have assessed the phototoxic and apoptosis-inducing capacity of PH compared to H in a cell culture model with human leukemic lymphoma cells (Jurkat). Treatment with both photoactivated H and PH resulted in a dose-dependent inhibition of cell proliferation, whereas not photoactivated H and PH had no effect at the concentrations tested. The half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of H was lower (100 ng/mL) as compared to PH (200 ng/mL) (p < 0.05). In an apoptosis assay we found a dose-dependent increase of DNA fragmentation after treatment with both photoactivated H and PH. The cytotoxic potential of PH should be taken into account during systemic therapy with Hypericum extracts, since PH is about two times more abundant than H in Hypericum perforatum.

PMID:
11859473
DOI:
10.1055/s-2002-20264
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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