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Spinal Cord. 2002 Mar;40(3):110-7.

Improved glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity after electrical stimulation-assisted cycling in people with spinal cord injury.

Author information

1
The Steadward Centre for Personal and Physical Achievement, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Abstract

DESIGN:

Longitudinal training.

OBJECTIVES:

The purpose was to determine the effect of electrical stimulation (ES)-assisted cycling (30 min/day, 3 days/week for 8 weeks) on glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in people with spinal cord injury (SCI).

SETTING:

The Steadward Centre, Alberta, Canada.

METHODS:

Seven participants with motor complete SCI (five males and two females aged 30 to 53 years, injured 3-40 years, C5-T10) underwent 2-h oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTT, n=7) and hyperglycaemic clamp tests (n=3) before and after 8 weeks of training with ES-assisted cycling.

RESULTS:

Results indicated that subjects' glucose level were significantly lower at 2 h OGTT following 8 weeks of training (122.4+/-10 vs 139.9+/-16, P=0.014). Two-hour hyperglycaemic clamps tests showed improvement in all three people for glucose utilisation and in two of three people for insulin sensitivity.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results suggested that exercise with ES-assisted cycling is beneficial for the prevention and treatment of Type 2 diabetes mellitus in people with SCI.

SPONSORSHIP:

Supported by Alberta Paraplegic Foundation, Therapeutic Alliance.

PMID:
11859437
DOI:
10.1038/sj.sc.3101260
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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