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Cell Signal. 2002 Apr;14(4):297-309.

G protein-coupled receptor interacting proteins: emerging roles in localization and signal transduction.

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Vanderbilt University Medical Center, 464A Robinson Research Building, 37232-6600, Nashville, TN, USA


The mechanism by which G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) translate extracellular signals into cellular changes initially was envisioned as a simple linear model: activation of the receptor by agonist binding leads to dissociation of the heterotrimeric GTP-binding G protein into its alpha and betagamma subunits, both of which can activate or inhibit various downstream effector molecules. The plethora of recently described multidomain scaffolding proteins and accessory/chaperone molecules that interact with GPCR, including GPCR themselves as homo- or heterodimers, provides for diverse molecular mechanisms for ligand recognition, signalling specificity, and receptor trafficking. This review will summarize the recently described GPCR-interacting proteins and their individual functional roles, as understood. Implicit in the search for the functional relevance of these interactions is the expectation that enhancement or disruption of target cell-specific events could serve as highly selective therapeutic opportunities.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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