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Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2002 Feb;42(2):123-8.

In vitro activity of clinafloxacin in comparison with other quinolones against Stenotrophomonas maltophilia clinical isolates in the presence and absence of reserpine.

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1
Institut d'Infeccions i Immunologia, Hospital Clínic, IDIBAPS, Facultat de Medicina, Universitat de Barcelona, Villarroel 170, 08036-, Barcelona, Spain. vila@medicina.ub.es

Abstract

A total of 33 Stenotrophomonas maltophilia clinical isolates were tested for their susceptibility to clinafloxacin in comparison with ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, nalidixic acid, norfloxacin, sparfloxacin and trovafloxacin. The MIC(50) and MIC(90) were as follows: ciprofloxacin 4 and 64 microg/mL; clinafoxacin 0.5 and 4 microg/mL; levofloxacin 2 and 32 microg/mL; moxifloxacin 1 and 8 microg/mL; nalidixic acid 8 and 128 microg/mL; norfloxacin 64 and 256 microg/mL; sparfloxacin 1 and 16 microg/mL; and trovafloxacin 1 and 8 microg/mL. Clinafloxacin was the most active quinolone, with only a 15.1% of strains showing resistance. When the MICs were determined in the presence of 25 microg/ml of reserpine, the MIC(90) of trovafloxacin and moxifloxacin did not change, whereas decreased 2-fold for clinafloxacin, levofloxacin, sparfloxacin and nalidixic acid, and 4- and 8-fold for ciprofloxacin and norfloxacin respectively. No clinafloxacin-resistant strains were observed when the MIC was performed in the presence of reserpine. Therefore, clinafloxacin shows the better "in vitro"activity against these 33 strains of S.maltophilia.

PMID:
11858908
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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