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Chang Gung Med J. 2001 Dec;24(12):826-31.

Myxoma of the gingiva: a case report and literature review.

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Department of Periodontics, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan, ROC.


Soft tissue myxomas of the oral and para-oral tissue are extremely rare. Only two cases of myxoma of gingiva have been reported in the literature. The histogenesis of these lesions remains obscure. We report a case of gingival myxoma in a 37-year-old man. A firm ovoid soft tissue mass measuring 1.5 x 1.2 x 1 cm in size was noted at the mesio-lingual gingiva of a partially impacted right mandibular third molar. Radiographic examination revealed an impacted mandibular third molar with normal radiographic bony consistency of the mandible. Excisional biopsy was performed with no evidence of recurrence after 8 months. Histological examination showed stromal mass composed of myxoid-like fluid in fibrovascular stroma and scanty inflammatory cell infiltration, suggesting myxomas of the oral soft tissues and jaws. Immunohistochemical stains with S-100 protein, desmin and smooth muscle specific actin yielded negative results, and those with alcian blue, periodic-acid-Schiff, mucicarmine, vimentin and reticulin were positive. Tumor cells of mesenchymal origin without neurogenic or muscular derivations and myxoid matrix composed of acid mucopolysaccharides in this lesion further confirmed the diagnosis of myxoma. Periodontal ligament origin cannot be completely excluded due to tumor location and its association with an impacted molar. However, further study is necessary to clarify the origin and histogenesis of these lesions.

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