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Cytogenet Cell Genet. 2001;94(3-4):142-6.

Molecular and cytogenetic characterisation of a small interstitial de novo 20p13-->p12.3 deletion in a patient with severe growth deficit.

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  • 1Service Régional de Cytogénétique Moléculaire - IFR3, Institut de Biologie de Lille, France.


We report on a small de novo interstitial deletion of the short arm of chromosome 20, 46,XY,del(20)(p12.3p13), in a young boy with hypotonia, moderate development delay, mild facial dysmorphism and severe growth failure. This patient did not show major features of Alagille-Watson Syndrome (AWS) which are common in more proximal 20p deletions. Standard and high resolution chromosome banding analysis revealed an apparent terminal deletion. Nevertheless, using chromosomal fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) and molecular analysis with polymorphic markers, we demonstrated that the abnormal chromosome resulted from a de novo interstitial deletion of paternal origin spanning from D20S842 to D20S900 and covering approximately 6 Mb. These findings indicate that a karyotype can lead to insufficient characterization of an apparently terminal deletion, and that one or a few genes in 20p13-->p12.3 bands are important for normal growth.

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