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Planta. 2002 Jan;214(3):421-7.

An isoleucine-leucine substitution in chloroplastic acetyl-CoA carboxylase from green foxtail (Setaria viridis L. Beauv.) is responsible for resistance to the cyclohexanedione herbicide sethoxydim.

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  • 1Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Laboratoire de Malherbologie et Agronomie, Dijon, France.


The cDNAs encoding chloroplastic acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACCase, EC from three lines of Setaria viridis (L. Beauv.) resistant or sensitive to sethoxydim, and from one sethoxydim-sensitive line of Setaria italica (L. Beauv.) were cloned and sequenced. Sequence comparison revealed that a single isoleucine-leucine substitution discriminated ACCases from sensitive and resistant lines. Using near-isogenic lines of S. italica derived from interspecific hybridisation, we demonstrated that the transfer of the S. viridis mutant ACCase allele into a sethoxydim-sensitive S. italica line conferred resistance to this herbicide. We confirmed this result using allele-specific polymerase chain reaction and showed that a single copy of the mutant allele is sufficient to confer resistance to sethoxydim. We conclude that a mutant allele of chloroplastic ACCase encoding a leucine residue instead of an isoleucine residue at position 1780 is a major gene of resistance to sethoxydim.

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