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Am J Hum Genet. 2002 Apr;70(4):1054-7. Epub 2002 Feb 19.

Homozygosity for multiple contiguous single-nucleotide polymorphisms as an indicator of large heterozygous deletions: identification of a novel heterozygous 8-kb intragenic deletion (IVS7-19 to IVS15-17) in a patient with glycogen storage disease type II.

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Department of Medicine, Division of Medical Genetics, New York University School of Medicine, 550 First Avenue, New York, NY 10016, USA.


Current methods for detection of mutations by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequence analysis frequently are not able to detect heterozygous large deletions. We report the successful use of a novel approach to identify such deletions, based on detection of apparent homozygosity of contiguous single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). The sequence analysis of genomic DNA PCR products containing all coding exons and flanking introns identified only a single heterozygous mutation (IVS18+2t-->a) in a patient with classic infantile-onset autosomal recessive glycogen storage disease type II (GSDII). Apparent homozygosity for multiple contiguous SNPs detected by this sequencing suggested presence of a large deletion as the second mutation; primers flanking the region of homozygous SNPs permitted identification and characterization by PCR of a large genomic deletion (8.26 kb) extending from IVS7 to IVS15. The data clearly demonstrate the utility of SNPs as markers for large deletions in autosomal recessive diseases when only a single mutation is found, thus complementing currently standard DNA PCR sequence methods for identifying the molecular basis of disease.

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