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Oncologist. 2002;7(1):46-59.

Adenoviral gene therapy.

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Department of Surgical Oncology, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA.


As of May 2001, 532 gene therapy protocols had been approved for evaluation in clinical trials; however, only five of those had been evaluated in phase III clinical trials. Among the most commonly used vectors for the delivery of genetic material into human cells are the adenoviruses. Remarkable progress has been made with these vectors in the last decade, but some shortcomings continue to challenge investigators. The newly acquired knowledge of the adenoviral life cycle and the positive outcomes from phase II clinical trials have led to the application of vectors engineered to selectively target tumor tissue under controlled promoters.

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