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Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2002 Apr;34(4):315-20.

Cyclin E2, the cycle continues.

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Department of Cancer Biology, Amgen Inc., One Amgen Center Dr., Mailstop 5-2A, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320-1799, USA.


The eukaryotic cell cycle is regulated by a family of serine/threonine protein kinases known as cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs). The activation of a CDK is dependent on its association with a cyclin regulatory subunit. The formation of distinct cyclin-CDK complexes controls the progression through the first gap phase (G(1)) and initiation of DNA synthesis (S phase). These complexes are in turn regulated by protein phosphorylation and cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors (CKIs). Cyclin E2 has emerged as the second member of the E-type cyclin family. Cyclin E2-associated kinase activity is regulated in a cell cycle dependent manner with peak activity at the G(1) to S transition. Ectopic expression of cyclin E2 in human cells accelerates G(1), suggesting that cyclin E2 is rate limiting for G(1) progression. Although the pattern and level of cyclin E2 expression in some primary tumor and normal tissue RNAs are distinct from cyclin E1, both E-type cyclins appear to have inherent functional redundancies. This functional redundancy has facilitated the rapid characterization of cyclin E2 and uncovered unique features associated with each E-type cyclin.

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