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J Am Coll Cardiol. 2002 Feb 20;39(4):676-82.

Postexercise blood pressure reduction in elderly hypertensive patients.

Author information

1
Unit of Cardiovascular Rehabilitation and Exercise Physiology, Heart Institute (InCor), University of São Paulo Medical School, São Paulo, Brazil.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We sought to study: 1) the impact of hemodynamic and left ventricular function on short-term postexercise blood pressure reduction in elderly hypertensive patients; and 2) the 22-h postexercise effects on ambulatory blood pressure in elderly hypertensive patients.

BACKGROUND:

Although early exercise provokes postexercise blood pressure reduction, the mechanisms underlying this response are not completely understood. Besides, it is unclear whether the reduction in blood pressure after exercise lasts long enough to have clinical relevance in elderly hypertensive patients.

METHODS:

We studied 24 elderly hypertensive patients (age 68.9 +/- 1.5 years) and 18 age-matched normotensive control subjects (age 68.1 +/- 1.2 years). Cardiac output (carbon dioxide rebreathing) and blood pressure (auscultatory) were measured at rest and after a 45-min period of low-intensity bicycle exercise (50% maximal oxygen uptake) and at 15, 30, 60 and 90 min after exercise. Left ventricular function (by Doppler echocardiography) was also evaluated. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring was evaluated after 45 min of exercise or 45 min of rest, in a randomized order.

RESULTS:

In the hypertensive patients, exercise provoked a significant reduction in blood pressure, cardiac output, stroke volume and left ventricular end-diastolic volume. It also provoked a significant reduction in systolic, mean and diastolic blood pressure during a 22-h period, at daytime and nighttime.

CONCLUSIONS:

The short-term reduction in blood pressure after exercise in elderly hypertensive patients is associated with a decrease in stroke volume and left ventricular end-diastolic volume. The 22-h postexercise reduction in blood pressure demonstrates the clinical relevance of low-intensity exercise in elderly hypertensive patients.

PMID:
11849868
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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