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Plant J. 2001 Dec;28(5):569-81.

Sub-cellular localisation of GFP-tagged tobacco mitotic cyclins during the cell cycle and after spindle checkpoint activation.

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Institut de Biologie Moléculaire des Plantes du CNRS, 12 rue du Général Zimmer, 67084 Strasbourg Cédex, France.


We have previously shown that the tobacco cyclin B1;1 protein accumulates during the G2 phase of the cell cycle and is subsequently destroyed during mitosis. Here, we investigated the sub-cellular localisation of two different B1-types and one A3-type cyclin during the cell cycle by using confocal imaging and differential interference contrast (DIC) microscopy. The cyclins were visualised as GFP-tagged fusion proteins in living tobacco cells. Both B1-type cyclins were found in the cytoplasm and in the nucleus during G2 but when cells entered into prophase, both cyclins became associated with condensing chromatin and remained on chromosomes until metaphase. As cells exited metaphase, the B1-type cyclins became degraded, as shown by time-lapse images. A stable variant of cyclin B1;1-GFP fusion protein, in which the destruction box had been mutated, maintained its association with the nuclear material at later phases of mitosis such as anaphase and telophase. Furthermore, we demonstrated that cyclin B1;1 protein is stabilised in metaphase-arrested cells after microtubule destabilising drug treatments. In contrast to the B1-type cyclins, the cyclin A3;1 was found exclusively in the nucleus in interphase cells and disappeared earlier than the cyclin B1 proteins during mitosis.

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