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J Interferon Cytokine Res. 2002 Jan;22(1):39-47.

IRF-1 as a negative regulator of cell proliferation.

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Laboratory of Virology, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy.


Numerous evidence has demonstrated the involvement in growth control of interferon (IFN) regulatory factor-1 (IRF-1), which shows tumor suppressor activity. IRF-1 is a well-studied member of the IRF transcription factors that reveals functional diversity in the regulation of cellular response by activating expression of a diverse set of target genes, depending on the cell type and on the specific stimuli. IRF-1 gene rearrangements may be a crucial point in the pathogenesis of some cancer types. Furthermore, different aspects of the tumor suppressor function of IRF-1 may be explained, at least in part, by the observations that IRF-1 is a regulator of cell cycle and apoptosis and that its inactivation accelerates cell transformation. Studies on gene knockout mice contributed greatly to the clarification of these multiple IRF-1 functions. We summarize our current knowledge of the antigrowth effect of IRF-1, focusing also on a more general involvement of IRF-1 in mediating negative regulation of cell growth induced by numerous cytokines and other biologic response modifiers.

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