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Roum Arch Microbiol Immunol. 1999 Apr-Jul;58(2):157-76.

Studies on pathogenicity of Yersinia enterocolitica in mice with diabetes mellitus.

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1
Cantacuzino Institute, Bucharest, Romania.

Abstract

In this study, we investigated the colonizing ability as well as the association of Yersinia enterocolitica serotype 0:9 to epithelial cells of the intestinal tract, Peyer's patches, mesenteric lymph nodes, liver, spleen and lungs in Alloxan-induced diabetes mellitus in mice and controls. The results showed that: (a) in diabetic mice the Y. enterocolitica colonizing values were in range of 10(6.5)-10(8.25) CFU/g of feces; (b) maximum colonizing values were found in distal ileum and Peyer's patches and lower in colon; (c) the infection was progressive with dissemination of bacteria in the liver, spleen and lung; (d) in control (non-diabetic) mice, the colonizing values were 10-100 times lower than those found in the diabetic batch; (e) the main histopathological changes noticed, namely ileitis, mesenteric lymphadenitis and septicemia, were presumably induced by high bacterial load in the liver, spleen and lung leading to a septic course of infection as well as toxic effects of heat-stable enterotoxins of Y. enterocolitica (Yst). The results were confirmed by electron microscopy observations. Summing up, these results demonstrate that diabetic mice were more susceptible to Y. enterocolitica cells than normal mice.

PMID:
11845454
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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