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Neurosurgery. 2002 Jan;50(1):167-73; discussion 173-5.

Adaptation of cerebral circulation to brain arteriovenous malformations increases feeding artery pressure and decreases regional hypotension.

Author information

1
Center for Cerebrovascular Research, Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Care, University of California San Francisco, 1001 Potrero Avenue, Rm. 3C-38, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA. quickc@anesthesia.ucsf.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine how the adaptation of extranidal cerebral vessels affects feeding artery pressure, draining vein pressure, and regional hypotension due to the presence of brain arteriovenous malformations (BAVMs).

CONCEPT:

BAVMs cause high flows in feeding arteries and draining veins and can induce profound hypotension in the neighboring vasculature. Despite the large difference in flow, endothelial shear stress (tau) observed in vessels ipsilateral to the BAVM is similar to tau in vessels contralateral to the BAVM, suggesting that the conductance vessels successfully adapt to keep tau constant. However, because BAVMs are discovered only after they are well developed, the natural history of the adaptation process in extranidal vessels is unknown.

RATIONALE:

Currently, no way exists to determine experimentally the effects of adaptation of extranidal vessels in human patients. Therefore, a mathematical model of the cerebral vasculature is used to study adaptation in response to BAVMs. By comparing pressures and flows calculated before and after adaptation, the effect of adaptation of the conductance vessels on regional hemodynamics can be evaluated.

DISCUSSION:

Structural adaptation of the extranidal circulation seems not only to reset tau, but also to ameliorate regional hypotension induced by BAVMs. However, this compensatory mechanism also increases feeding artery pressure and thus may increase the risk of hemorrhagic stroke.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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