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Pathol Int. 2001 Dec;51(12):948-53.

Metastasis of renal cell carcinoma to central nervous system hemangioblastoma in two patients with von Hippel-Lindau disease.

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Department of Pathology, Okayama University Hospital, Japan.


Here we report tumor-to-tumor metastases identified in two patients with von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease. The first patient had bilateral renal carcinomas and multiple cerebellar hemangioblastomas, and the second patient had a renal carcinoma and multiple hemangioblastomas in the retina, cerebellum and spinal cord. A cerebellar lesion from the first patient and a spinal lesion from the second patient contained two distinct components. The inner part of these tumors consisted of a nested mass of polygonal clear cells that expressed cytokeratin and epithelial membrane antigen, while the outer part of the tumors showed proliferation of capillaries and intervening foamy stromal cells that were negative for cytokeratin and epithelial membrane antigen. The tumors were thus considered to be hemangioblastomas complicated by metastatic lesions of renal cell carcinoma of clear cell type. These cases indicate that tumor-to-tumor metastasis should be considered when hemangioblastoma contains a clear cell carcinoma component in the setting of VHL disease, and that immunohistochemical staining for cytokeratin and epithelial membrane antigen is useful for the diagnosis.

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