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Nutr Neurosci. 2001;4(6):469-74.

Relationship between plasma cyclo (His-Pro), a neuropeptide common to processed protein-rich food, and C-peptide/insulin molar ratio in obese women.

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Department of Medicine, LSU Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA.


Cyclo (His-Pro) (CHP) is a gut-brain peptide whose plasma levels in humans are increased after glucose ingestion and preferentially altered by oral glucose ingestion compared to intravenous administration in rats, suggesting a role in the enteroinsular response to nutrient ingestion. We were interested in examining levels of CHP in women of differing weights and comparing these levels to various parameters of insulin secretion. Plasma from 26 fasting, nondiabetic women ranging from 21 to 70 years of age and weighing 43 to 114 kg was assayed for CHP. Insulin and C-peptide levels were measured in 17 of the 26. Fasting CHP levels were elevated in obese compared to nonobese women (2075+/-144 vs. 905+/-187 pg/ml; p < 0.001) and were related by regression analysis to weight (r = 0.668, p < 0.001) and body mass index (r = 0.636, p = 0.001). The fasting C peptide/insulin molar ratio, which may be used as an estimate of hepatic insulin clearance (HIC), was inversely related to CHP levels (r = -0.568, p = 0.017). We conclude CHP levels are increased in obese women and inversely related to their C-peptide/insulin molar ratio. The elevation of CHP in those with a decrease in this estimate of HIC (obese) is interesting as the greater insulin response seen in normal persons after oral glucose compared to intravenous glucose has been postulated to be due to a decrease in HIC by some gut factor. The presence of such a factor in excess in the obese might explain part of their hyperinsulinemia.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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