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J Biol Chem. 2002 Apr 26;277(17):14598-611. Epub 2002 Feb 12.

Haemophilus influenzae type b strain A2 has multiple sialyltransferases involved in lipooligosaccharide sialylation.

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1
Department of Microbiology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA.

Abstract

The lipooligosaccharide (LOS) of Haemophilus influenzae contains sialylated glycoforms, and a sialyltransferase, Lic3A, has been previously identified. We report evidence for two additional sialyltransferases, SiaA, and LsgB, that affect N-acetyllactosamine containing glycoforms. Mutations in genes we have designated siaA and lsgB affected only the sialylated glycoforms containing N-acetylhexosamine. A mutation in siaA resulted in the loss of glycoforms terminating in sialyl-N-acetylhexosamine and the appearance of higher molecular weight glycoforms, containing the addition of phosphoethanolamine, N-acetylgalactosamine, and N-acetylneuraminic acid. Chromosomal complementation of the siaA mutant resulted in the expression of the original sialylated LOS phenotype. A mutation in lic3A resulted in the loss of sialylation only in glycoforms lacking N-acetylhexosamine and had no effect on sialylation of the terminal N-acetyllactosamine epitope. A double mutant in siaA and lic3A resulted in the complete loss of sialylation of the terminal N-acetyllactosamine epitope and expression of the higher molecular weight sialylated glycoforms seen in the siaA mutant. Mutation of lsgB resulted in persistence of sialylated glycoforms but a reduction in N-acetyllactosamine containing glycoforms. A triple mutant of siaA, lic3A, and lsgB contained no sialylated glycoforms. These results demonstrate that the sialylation of the LOS of H. influenzae is a complex process involving multiple sialyltransferases.

PMID:
11842084
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M110986200
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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