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Trop Med Int Health. 2002 Feb;7(2):159-65.

Female genital cutting in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania: changing attitudes?

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The National Hospital, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway. siamsuya@hotmail.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To study the prevalence, type, social correlates and attitudes towards female genital cutting (FGC) among urban women in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania; and to examine the association between FGC and gynaecological problems, reproductive tract infections (RTIs) and HIV.

METHODS:

In 1999, 379 women attending reproductive health care clinics were interviewed and underwent pelvic examination. Specimens for RTI/HIV diagnosis were taken.

RESULTS:

Seventeen per cent had undergone FGC, mostly clitoridectomy (97%). Female genital cutting prevalence was significantly lower among educated, Christian and Chagga women. Women aged >or=35 were twice as likely to be cut as those < 25 years. Seventy-six per cent of those who had undergone FGC intend not to perform the procedure on their daughters. Age < 25 years (P < 0.0001) and low parity (P < 0.01) were predictors of that intention. There was no association between RTIs, HIV or hepatitis B and FGC.

CONCLUSION:

FGC is still fairly common but there is evidence of a change of attitude towards the practice, especially among young women. The opportunity to educate women who attend reproductive health care facilities on FGC should be taken.

PMID:
11841706
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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