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Eur J Hum Genet. 2001 Dec;9(12):938-44.

Genome-wide linkage analysis of Scandinavian affected sib-pairs supports presence of susceptibility loci for celiac disease on chromosomes 5 and 11.

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Department of Clinical Genetics, Göteborg University, Sweden.


Celiac disease (CD) is a common chronic inflammatory disorder of the small intestine with a multifactorial aetiology. HLA is a well-known risk factor, but other genetic factors also influence disease susceptibility. To identify the genes involved in this disorder, we performed a genome-wide scan on 106 well-defined Swedish and Norwegian families with at least two affected siblings. We investigated familial segregation of 398 microsatellite markers, and utilised non-parametric linkage analysis. The strongest linkage with disease was found to the HLA locus (6p) (P<0.000006). There were eight regions besides HLA with a point wise P value below 0.05. Among these eight regions were 11q and 5q, both of which have been suggested in several linkage studies of independent celiac disease families. We also performed a stratification analysis of families according to their HLA genotypes. This resulted in significant differences on chromosome 2q. These results indicate that 11q, 5q and possibly also 2q are true susceptibility regions in CD.

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