Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Med J Aust. 2001 Dec 3-17;175(11-12):605-8.

Drowning and near-drowning in Northern Territory children.

Author information

1
Territory Health Services, Casuarina, NT. karen.edmond@lshtm.ac.uk

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare incidences of drowing for children in the Northern Territory (NT) with those in Queensland and the rest of Australia.

DESIGN:

Descriptive, retrospective, population-based analysis of death and hospitalisation data for drowning and near-drowning.

SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS:

Children aged 0-14 years resident in Australia from 1983 to 1998.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Age-standardised average annual incidence of drowning (1983-1998) and near-drowning (1994-1997) in children aged 0-4 and 5-14 years in the NT, Queensland and the rest of Australia.

RESULTS:

The average annual incidence of drowning and near-drowning from 1994 to 1997 for children aged 0-4 years in the NT (67.82 per 100,000) was significantly higher than for Australia (24.45 per 100,000) (incident rate ratio [IRR], 2.77; 95% CI, 1.40-4.91) and for Queensland (32.55 per 100,000) (IRR, 2.13; 95% CI, 1.05-3.94). The proportion of children aged 0-4 years drowning or near-drowning in swimming pools from 1994 to 1997 was also significantly higher in the NT (83%) than Australia (64%) (difference, 0.19; 95% CI, 0.086-0.30) and Queensland (65%) (difference, 0.18; 95% Cl, 0.069-0.29). From 1983 to 1998, the incidence of drowning in NT children aged 0-4 years increased by 0.4% per year (IRR, 1.004; 95% Cl, 0.994-1.070), compared with a 5.0% reduction per year (IRR, 0.950; 95% Cl, 0.937-0.963) in Australian children.

CONCLUSIONS:

The incidences of drowning and near-drowning in the NT are higher than in the rest of Australia and show no significant decrease. The NT should improve its measures for prevention of childhood drowning.

Comment in

PMID:
11837858
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Australasian Medical Publishing Company
Loading ...
Support Center