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Acta Trop. 2002 Mar;81(3):211-23.

Laboratory and field comparisons of pyriproxyfen, polystyrene beads and other larvicidal methods against malaria vectors in Sri Lanka.

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Regional Office, Anti-Malaria Campaign, Matale, Sri Lanka.


Hand-dug gem pits are important breeding sites for larvae of malaria vectors in Sri Lanka. Therefore, studies were carried out to help to select an effective, economic and convenient method that could be used to control malaria vector mosquito breeding in gem pits in a mining area. The effectiveness of four types of floating layers of polystyrene was compared in the laboratory and it was found that 2 mm expanded beads were the most effective for suffocating Anopheles larvae and pupae. The insect growth regulator, pyriproxyfen at dosages of 0.01 and 0.1 mg/l were tested in the laboratory and complete inhibition of emergence was found at both concentrations. A small-scale field trial was carried out for over a year to assess the efficacy of two concentrations of pyriproxyfen, 2 mm diameter expanded polystyrene beads, temephos, used engine oil and filling pits with soil. Pyriproxyfen only required re-application twice a year, whereas temephos or oil require 12 applications per year. Due to re-excavation by gem miners, polystyrene beads and filling of pits were not as permanent solutions as was expected. Calculations based on all available data showed that two annual treatments with pyriproxyfen at 0.01 mg/l would be the most cost-effective method with oil only slightly more expensive. However, the reduced required frequency for visiting every pit made the pyriproxyfen method the one of choice. The same low concentration of pyriproxyfen also effectively inhibited emergence of adults from river-bed pools.

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