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Am J Hematol. 2002 Jan;69(1):77-9.

Study of the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at the palindromic sequence of hypersensitive site (HS)4 of the human beta-globin locus control region (LCR) in Indian population.

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Functional Genomics Unit, Centre for Biochemical Technology (CSIR), Delhi University Campus, Delhi, India.


LCR, a genetic regulatory element, was examined in beta-thalassemia patients who do not show any mutation in the beta-globin genes. We sequenced LCR-HS2, HS3, and HS4 in samples from 16 such patients from the Indian population and found only one SNP A-G in the inverted repeat in HS4. A significant association was observed between the G allele and occurrence of beta-thalassemia by Fisher's exact test. The AG and GG genotypes showed higher relative risk as compared to the AA genotype. We also observed linkage disequilibrium between the A/G polymorphism and the AT-rich motif of the LCR HS2 region, suggesting that the G allele could be an evolutionarily new mutation in the study population.

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