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Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2002 Jan;58(1):112-8.

Microbial diversity of a mesophilic hydrogen-producing sludge.

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Centre for Environmental Engineering Research, Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China.


A hydrogen-producing sludge degraded 99% of glucose at 36 degrees C and pH 5.5, producing a methane-free biogas (comprising 64% hydrogen) and an effluent comprising mostly butyrate, acetate, and ethanol. The yield was 0.26 l H2 g(-1) glucose and the production rate per gram of volatile suspended solids was 4.6 1 H2 day(-1). A 16S rDNA library was constructed from the sludge for microbial species determination. A total of 96 clones were selected for plasmids recovery, screened by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis, and sequenced for rDNA. Based on the phylogenetic analysis of the rDNA sequences, 64.6% of all the clones were affiliated with three Clostridium species (Clostridiaceae), 18.8% with Enterobacteriaceae, and 3.1% with Streptococcus bovis (Streptococcaceae). The remaining 13.5% belonged to eight operational taxonomic units, the affiliations of which were not identified.

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