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Phytochemistry. 2002 Feb;59(3):347-60.

Metabolic profiling of saponins in Medicago sativa and Medicago truncatula using HPLC coupled to an electrospray ion-trap mass spectrometer.

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Plant Biology Division, The Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation, 2510 Sam Noble Parkway, Ardmore, OK 73401, USA.


Triterpene saponins isolated from Medicago sativa (alfalfa) and Medicago truncatula roots were separated, profiled and identified using an optimized, reversed-phase HPLC with on-line photodiode array detection and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry method (HPLC/PDA/ESI/MS). ESI source polarity and solvent conditions were compared. The effects of these parameters on mass spectral attributes were determined. Ion structures were confirmed using tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). Fifteen saponins were identified in alfalfa (cultivars Apollo, Radius, and Kleszczewska) based upon negative-ion HPLC/PDA/ESI/MS, HPLC/PDA/ESI/MS/MS and literature data. In addition, the identification of two new malonated saponins in alfalfa are proposed. Negative-ion HPLC/PDA/ESI/MS and HPLC/PDA/ESI/MS/MS spectra were utilized along with HPLC retention times to profile and identify 27 saponins in M. truncatula (cultivar Jemalong, A17). M. truncatula yielded a much more complex mixture of saponins than observed for alfalfa. The authors are not aware of any previous reports identifying saponin glycosides in M. truncatula.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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