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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2002 Feb 15;291(1):158-64.

Interaction network of human aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases and subunits of elongation factor 1 complex.

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National Creative Research Initiatives Center for ARS Network, College of Pharmacy, Seoul National University, Shinlim-Dong, Kwanak-Ku, Seoul, 157-742, Korea.


Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (ARSs) ligate amino acids to their cognate tRNAs. It has been suggested that mammalian ARSs are linked to the EF-1 complex for efficient channeling of aminoacyl tRNAs to ribosome. Here we systemically investigated possible interactions between human ARSs and the subunits of EF-1 (alpha, beta, gamma, and delta) using a yeast two-hybrid assay. Among the 80 tested pairs, leucyl- and histidyl-tRNA synthetases were found to make strong and specific interaction with the EF-1gamma and beta while glu-proly-, glutaminyl-, alanyl-, aspartyl-, lysyl-, phenylalanyl-, glycyl-, and tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetases showed moderate interactions with the different EF-1 subunits. The interactions of leucyl- and histidyl-tRNA synthetase with the EF-1 complex were confirmed by immunoprecipitation and in vitro pull-down experiments. Interestingly, the aminoacylation activities of these two enzymes, but not other ARSs, were stimulated by the cofactor of EF-1, GTP. These data suggest that a systematic interaction network may exist between mammalian ARSs and EF-1 subunits probably to enhance the efficiency of in vivo protein synthesis.

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