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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2002 Feb 15;291(1):55-61.

Pioglitazone prevents early-phase hepatic fibrogenesis caused by carbon tetrachloride.

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Department of Gastroenterology, Juntendo University School of Medicine, 2-1-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8421, Japan.


Here we investigated the effect of pioglitazone, a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma ligand, on early-phase hepatic fibrogenesis in vivo caused by acute carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)) administration in the rat. Pioglitazone (1 mg/kg BW) prevented pericentral fibrosis and induction of alpha-smooth muscle actin (SMA) 72 h after CCl(4) administration (1 ml/kg BW). CCl(4) induction of alpha1(I)procollagen mRNA in the liver was blunted by pioglitazone to the levels almost 2/3 of CCl(4) alone. Pioglitazone also prevented CCl(4)-induced hepatic inflammation and necrosis, as well as increases in serum tumor necrosis factor-alpha levels. Further, pioglitazone inhibited the induction of alphaSMA and type I collagen in primary cultured hepatic stellate cells in a dose-dependent manner. In conclusion, pioglitazone inhibits both hepatic inflammation and activation of hepatic stellate cells, thereby ameliorating early-phase fibrogenesis in the liver following acute CCl(4).

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