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Chembiochem. 2001 Feb 2;2(2):119-23.

DNA interstrand cross-linking efficiency and cytotoxic activity of novel cadmium(II)-thiocarbodiazone complexes.

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Departamento de Química Inorgánica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid, Spain.


We have prepared mono- and binuclear complexes of Zn(II) and Cd(II) with bis(2-pyridyl aldehyde) thiocarbodiazone (H(2)L(1)) and bis(methyl 3-pyridyl ketone) thiocarbodiazone (H(2)L(2)). Cytotoxicity data against the ovarian tumor cell line A2780cisR (acquired resistance to cisplatin) indicate that the mononuclear complex Cd/H(2)L(2) (1) and the binuclear complex Cd(2)/H(2)L(1) (4) are able to circumvent cisplatin resistance and that their cytotoxic activity does not substantially vary after depletion of intracellular levels of glutathione. Moreover, DNA binding studies show that complexes 1 and 4 have higher efficiency than cisplatin at forming DNA interstrand cross-links in both naked pBR322 plasmid and A2780cisR cellular DNA. Interestingly, the thiocarbodiazone ligands alone do not show the biological properties of complexes 1 and 4. Altogether these results suggest that DNA interstrand cross-link formation by compounds 1 and 4 might be related with their cytotoxic activity in cisplatin-resistant cells. We think that compounds 1 and 4 may represent a novel structural lead for the development of cadmium cytotoxic agents capable of improving antitumor activity in cisplatin-resistant tumors.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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