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Free Radic Biol Med. 2002 Feb 1;32(3):289-98.

Post-ischemic transcriptional and translational responses of EC-SOD in mouse brain and serum.

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Department of Neurosurgery, National Defense Medical College, Tokorozawa, Japan.


Extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD) is neuroprotective, but its role in cerebral ischemia remains to be determined. We herein describe the topographical localization and quantitative changes in EC-SOD and its mRNA expression following cerebral ischemia in mice. Mice were subjected to transient forebrain ischemia and varied intervals of reperfusion. The measurements of EC-SOD using ELISA showed increased brain EC-SOD after 24 h of reperfusion and an increase in EC-SOD brain/serum ratio after 3 h. The immunohistochemical examination in normal mice showed strong EC-SOD immunoreactivity in the choroid plexus, pia mater, and ventral tuberal area of the hypothalamus. EC-SOD immunoreactivity in cortical and striatal capillary wall was conspicuous after 3 h. EC-SOD immunoreactivity was also noted in cortical neurons after 24 h. Northern blot analysis showed an increased EC-SOD mRNA expression in the brain after 24 h. An in situ hybridization study in normal mice demonstrated the mRNA expression of EC-SOD in choroid plexus and neurons through the brain especially in the cortex or ventral tuberal area of the hypothalamus, but demonstrated no mRNA expression of EC-SOD in the capillary wall. These findings suggest that EC-SOD accumulates on endothelial cells in response to this injury by an unknown mechanism, while cortical neurons produce EC-SOD themselves after cerebral ischemia with reperfusion.

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