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Plant Cell. 2002 Jan;14(1):119-31.

A mutation in the Arabidopsis KT2/KUP2 potassium transporter gene affects shoot cell expansion.

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1
Department of Biology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Coker Hall, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3280, USA.

Abstract

Potassium ions (K(+)) are the most abundant cations in plants and are necessary for cell growth. Arabidopsis shy3-1 mutant plants have a short hypocotyl, small leaves, and a short flowering stem, and these defects result from decreased cell expansion. The semidominant shy3-1 mutation changes an amino acid in KT2/KUP2, a K(+) transporter related to the Escherichia coli Kup protein. Second mutations in the KT2/KUP2/SHY3 gene, including presumed null mutations, suppress the shy3-1 phenotypes. Plants with these intragenic suppressor mutations appear similar to wild-type plants, suggesting that KT2/KUP2/SHY3 acts redundantly with other genes. Expression of the shy3-1 mutant version of KT2/KUP2/SHY3 in wild-type plants confers shy3-1-like phenotypes, indicating that shy3-1 probably either causes a gain of function or creates an interfering protein. The shy3-1 mutation does not eliminate the ability of the KT2/KUP2 cDNA to rescue the growth of a potassium transport-deficient E. coli mutant. A P(SHY3)::GUS fusion is expressed in growing portions of the plant. These results suggest that KT2/KUP2/SHY3 mediates K(+)-dependent cell expansion in growing tissues.

PMID:
11826303
PMCID:
PMC150555
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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