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Immunity. 2002 Jan;16(1):51-65.

Activation of the PKB/AKT pathway by ICAM-2.

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Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.


We identified intracellular adhesion molecule-2 (ICAM-2) in a genetic screen as an activator of the PI3K/AKT pathway leading to inhibition of apoptosis. ICAM-2 induced tyrosine phosphorylation of ezrin and PI3K kinase membrane translocation, resulting in phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5 production, PDK-1 and AKT activation, and subsequent phosphorylation of AKT targets BAD, GSK3, and FKHR. ICAM-2 clustering protected primary human CD19+ cells from TNFalpha- and Fas-mediated apoptosis as determined by single-cell analysis. ICAM-2 engagement by CD19+ cells of its natural receptor, LFA-1, on CD4+ naive cells specifically induced AKT activity in the absence of an MHC-peptide interaction. These results attribute a novel signaling function to ICAM-2 that might suggest mechanisms by which ICAM-2 signals intracellular communication at various immunological synapses.

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