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Chem Biol Interact. 2002 Feb 20;139(2):129-44.

DNA adduction by polychlorinated biphenyls: adducts derived from hepatic microsomal activation and from synthetic metabolites.

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Graduate Center for Toxicology, 354 Health Sciences Research Building, University of Kentucky Medical Center, Lexington, KY 40536-0305, USA.


Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are ubiquitous environmental contaminants and complete carcinogens in rodents. Metabolism of lower chlorinated congeners with rat liver microsomes was investigated in earlier studies and DNA adduction was also reported. The current study was designed to compare DNA adducts formed after bioactivation of PCBs with rat, mouse and human hepatic microsomes, and to investigate the role of quinoid PCB metabolites in DNA adduct formation. Eight congeners ranging from mono- to hexachlorinated biphenyls were tested. Metabolites obtained through microsomal bioactivation as well as synthetic quinoid metabolites of 4-monochlorobiphenyl (4-CB) were incubated with calf-thymus DNA (CT-DNA), and the resulting adducts were analyzed by the 32P-post-labelling method. DNA adducts were formed with mono- di- and tri-chlorinated congeners, but not with higher chlorinated congeners. Similar adduct patterns were observed for 2-monochlorobiphenyl (2-CB) activated with hepatic microsomes from rat, mouse and human, while 4-CB, 3,4-dichlorobiphenyl (3,4-CB) and 3,4,5-trichlorobiphenyl (3,4,5-CB) showed similar patterns for two out of the three microsomal systems tested. 4,4' -trichlorobiphenyl (4,4' -CB) showed different adduct patterns in all microsomal systems. Higher adduct levels were obtained with the rodent microsomes compared with human microsomes and were related to higher cytochrome P450 activity. When adducts derived from microsomal activation of 4-CB were compared by co-chromatography with those derived from the incubation of DNA with synthetic 2-(4' -chlorophenyl)-1,4-benzoquinone (4-BQ), one adduct co-migrated in three different chromatography systems. This study demonstrates that rodents as well as human hepatic enzymes metabolize lower chlorinated biphenyl congeners to reactive intermediates that form DNA adducts in vitro and shows that the para-quinone metabolites of PCBs are, in part, involved in direct DNA adduction.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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