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J Biol Chem. 2002 Apr 12;277(15):12921-30. Epub 2002 Jan 30.

Oversulfated chondroitin/dermatan sulfates containing GlcAbeta1/IdoAalpha1-3GalNAc(4,6-O-disulfate) interact with L- and P-selectin and chemokines.

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1
Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Recognition, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-2 Yamada-oka, Suita 565-0871, Japan. hkawashima@burnham.org

Abstract

We previously reported that versican, a large chondroitin/dermatan sulfate (CS/DS) proteoglycan, interacts through its CS/DS chains with adhesion molecules L- and P-selectin and CD44, as well as chemokines. Here, we have characterized these interactions further. Using a metabolic inhibitor of sulfation, sodium chlorate, we show that the interactions of the CS/DS chains of versican with L- and P-selectin and chemokines are sulfation-dependent but the interaction with CD44 is sulfation-independent. Consistently, versican's binding to L- and P-selectin and chemokines is specifically inhibited by oversulfated CS/DS chains containing GlcAbeta1-3GalNAc(4,6-O-disulfate) or IdoAalpha1-3GalNAc(4,6-O-disulfate), but its binding to CD44 is inhibited by all the CS/DS chains, including low-sulfated and unsulfated ones. Affinity and kinetic analyses using surface plasmon resonance revealed that the oversulfated CS/DS chains containing GlcAbeta1/IdoAalpha1-3GalNAc(4,6-O-disulfate) bind directly to selectins and chemokines with high affinity (K(d) 21.1 to 293 nm). In addition, a tetrasaccharide fragment of repeating GlcAbeta1-3GalNAc(4,6-O-disulfate) units directly interacts with L- and P-selectin and chemokines and oversulfated CS/DS chains containing GlcAbeta1/IdoAalpha1-3GalNAc(4,6-O-disulfate) inhibit chemokine-induced Ca(2+) mobilization. Taken together, our results show that oversulfated CS/DS chains containing GlcAbeta1/IdoAalpha1-3GalNAc(4,6-O-disulfate) are recognized by L- and P-selectin and chemokines, and imply that these chains are important in selectin- and/or chemokine-mediated cellular responses.

PMID:
11821431
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M200396200
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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