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Biochemistry. 1975 Oct 21;14(21):4745-51.

Ligand-induced self-association of human luteinizing hormone. Negative cooperativity in the binding of 8-anilino-1-naphthalensulfonate.


The self-association of human luteinizing hormone (hLH) is enhanced in the presence of 8-anilino-1-naphthalenesulfonate (ANS). Sedimentation equilibrium measurements indicate that the hormone exists primarily as a dimer in the presence of excess ANS. It is shown that, for a self-associating protein system in which monomer and dimer have different affinities and/or capacities for ligand, both the shape and the position of the binding curve depend on protein concentration. Gel filtration and fluorescence measurements indicate that the hLH dimer has a single high affintiy site (K greater than 10(6) M-1) for ANS while binding to the monomer is too weak to be observed. This leads to negative cooperativity in the binding and to a shift of the binding curve to lower free ligand concentration with increasing concentration of the hormone.

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