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Eur J Pharmacol. 2002 Jan 25;435(2-3):143-51.

PPARalpha and PPARdelta activators inhibit cytokine-induced nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB and expression of VCAM-1 in EAhy926 endothelial cells.

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Centre de Recherche Pierre Fabre, 17 Avenue Jean Moulin, 81106 Cédex, Castres, France.


Endothelium injury is a primary event in atherogenesis, which is followed by monocyte infiltration, macrophage differentiation, and smooth muscle cell migration. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are transcription factors now recognized as important mediators in the inflammatory response. The aim of this study was to develop a human endothelial model to evaluate anti-inflammatory properties of PPAR activators. PPAR proteins (alpha, delta and gamma) are expressed in EAhy926 endothelial cells (ECs). Pirinixic acid (Wy-14643), fenofibrate, fenofibric acid, the Merck ligand PPARdelta activator L-165041, 15-deoxy-Delta(12,14)-prostaglandin J2, but not rosiglitazone (BRL-49653) inhibited the induced expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), as measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and monocyte binding to activated-EAhy926 cells. The PPARdelta activator L-165041 had the greatest potency to reduce cytokine-induced monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) secretion. All PPAR activators tested which impaired VCAM-1 expression reduced significantly nuclear p65 amount. These results show that EAhy926 endothelial cells are an adequate tool to substantiate and characterize inflammatory impacts of PPAR activators.

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