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Int J Biol Markers. 2001 Oct-Dec;16(4):262-7.

Estrogen and progesterone receptors in colorectal cancer and surrounding mucosa.

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Department of Nuclear Medicine, Hospital Central de Asturias, Oviedo, Spain.


In this prospective study we have quantified by means of ELISA-methods the cytosolic content of estrogen (ER) and progesterone receptors (PgR) in tumoral tissue and paired normal mucosa from 163 patients with resectable colorectal cancer. Survival analysis was performed in a subgroup of 120 patients and the mean follow-up period was 24.9 months. The cutoff for ER and PgR levels was set at 1 fmol/mg protein. On the basis of this cutoff 20.9% of the cancers were ER positive and 25.8% were PgR positive; normal adjacent tissue presented ER in 18.4% and PgR in 24.5%. Our results did not show any significant correlation between ER and PgR levels in neoplastic tissues. Howewer, a correlation was found in normal mucosa samples (p=0.02). Statistical analysis showed that there was no correlation between tumor ER and PgR content and patient age or sex, tumor location, Dukes' stage, histological differentiation, DNA ploidy status and S-phase fraction. Furthermore, the results did not show any statistical differences in relapse-free and overall survival curves calculated for patients classified according to the hormone receptor content of their tumors. ER and PgR were detected at low levels in normal and neoplastic colorectal tissues without any significant relationship to either clinicopathological tumor characteristics or patient outcome. Their possible role in colorectal cancer remains to be elucidated.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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