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Characterization and inhibition study of MurA enzyme by capillary electrophoresis.

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Procter & Gamble Pharmaceuticals, Mason, OH 45040, USA.


A capillary electrophoresis-based enzyme assay for UDP-N-acetylglucosamine enolpyruvyl transferase (MurA) is described. This method, based on UV detection, provides baseline separation of one of the reaction products, enolpyruvyluridine 5'-diphospho-N-acetylglucosamine (EP-UDP-GlcNAc), from substrates phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) and uridine 5'-diphospho-N-acetylglucosamine (UDP-GlcNAc) within 4 min. The other product, phosphate, is not detectable by UV at 200 nm. Quantitation of individual components, substrates or product, can be accomplished based on the separated peaks. This methodology was used to determine the Michaelis constant, Km, and product formation rate constant, Kcat, for MurA. Additionally, the CE method was used to evaluate the inhibition effects on MurA using one specific compound as an example. By following similar procedures, the apparent Km values in the presence of different inhibitor concentrations were determined. The inhibition constant, Ki, can be determined from these apparent Km values. In addition, this CE method can be used to study the inhibition mechanism. The principle of this approach is generally applicable to other enzyme studies.

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