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World J Gastroenterol. 1998 Aug;4(4):354-356.

Effects of Dangshen on isolated gastric muscle strips in rats.

Abstract

AIM:

To study the effects of Dangshen dried root of Codonopsis Pilosula (Franch) Nannf on contractile activity of isolated gastric muscle strips in rats and its possible mechanism involved.

METHODS:

Each isolated gastric muscle strip was put in a tissue chamber containing 5ml Krebs solution, constantly warmed by water jacket at 37?mgr; and supplied with a mixed gas of 95% O(2) and 5% CO(2). After incubating for 1h with 1g tension, Dangshen of varied concentration was added cumulatively in the tissue chamber at intervals of 2 minutes. The isometrical response was measured on ink-writing recorders.

RESULTS:

Dangshen dose dependence increased the resting tension of longitudinal muscle (LM) of fundus (r =0.96, P < 0.01), the mean contractile amplitude of circular muscle (CM) of the stomach body (r =0.87, P < 0.05) and CM of antrum (r =0.98, P < 0.01), and the motility index CM of pylorus(r =0.87, P < 0.05). Atropine (5 10( 8)mol/L) or Hexamethonium (10( 5)mol/L) or Indomethacin (5 10( 7)mol/L) was given 2 minutes before the administration of Dangshen, it did not abolish its dose related manner. Atropine apparently reduced the increasing action of 10% and 30% Dangshen on the resting tesion of LM of fundus (P < 0.05), 30%, 100% and 200% Dangshen on bodied strips (P < 0.05), 100% and 200% Dangshen on antral strips (P < 0.05).Hexamethonium reduced the increasing action of 10% and 30% Dangshen on the resting tesion of LM of fundus (P < 0.05 and P < 0.05), 30%, 100% and 200% Dangshen on bodied strips (P < 0.05), and 100% and 200% Dangshen on pyloric strips (P < 0.05). Indomethacin inhibited the effect of 10% Dangshen on the resting tesion of LM of fundus (P < 0.05), but did not affect the exciting action of Dangshen on strips of body, antrum and pylorus.

CONCLUSION:

The results showed that Dangshen possessed exciting action on the isolated gastric smooth muscle strips of the rat.The exciting action of Dangshen was partially mediated via cholinergic M and N receptors.

PMID:
11819319
PMCID:
PMC4761560

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