Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Mol Endocrinol. 2002 Feb;16(2):213-20.

Hypermethylation of the inhibin alpha-subunit gene in prostate carcinoma.

Author information

1
Monash Institute of Reproduction and Development, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3168, Australia.

Abstract

Inhibin is composed of an alpha- and a beta-subunit. Transgenic studies assigned a tumor-suppressive role to the inhibin alpha-subunit, and in human prostate cancer inhibin alpha-subunit gene expression was down-regulated. This study examined the inhibin alpha-subunit gene promoter and gene locus to determine whether promoter hypermethylation or LOH occurred in DNA from prostate cancer. The 5'-untranslated region of the human inhibin alpha-subunit gene was sequenced and shown to be highly homologous to the bovine, rat, and mouse inhibin alpha-subunit promoter sequences. A 135-bp region of the human promoter sequence that continued a cluster of CpG sites was analyzed for hypermethylation. Significant (P < 0.001) hypermethylation of the inhibin alpha-subunit gene promoter occurred in DNA from Gleason pattern 3, 4, and 5 carcinomas compared with nonmalignant tissue samples. A subset of the carcinomas with a cribriform pattern were unmethylated. LOH at 2q32-36, the chromosomal region harboring the inhibin alpha-subunit gene, was observed in 42% of prostate carcinomas. These data provide the first demonstration that promoter hypermethylation and LOH are associated with the inhibin alpha-subunit gene and gene locus in prostate cancer.

PMID:
11818495
DOI:
10.1210/mend.16.2.0771
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
Loading ...
Support Center